Source: Rig Veda (The Rig Veda, Penguin Classics, translated by Wendy Doniger O'Flaherty) 


"What was the base, what sort of raw matter was there, and precisely how was it done, when the All-Maker, casting his eye on all, created the earth and revealed the sky in its glory? 

"The All-Maker, the lord of sacred speech, swift as thought -- we will call to him today to help us in the contest. Let him who is the maker of good things and is gentle to everyone rejoice in all our invocations and help us. 

"The All-Maker is vast in mind and vast in strength. He is the one who forms, who sets in order, and who is the highest image. . . . 

"Our father, who created and set in order and knows all forms, all worlds, who all alone gave names to the gods, he is the one to whom all other creatures come to ask questions. 

"To him the ancient sages together sacrificed riches, like the throngs of singers who together made these things that have been created, when the realm of light was still immersed in the realm without light. 

"You cannot find him who created these creatures; another has come between you. Those who recite the hymns are glutted with the pleasures of life; they wander about wrapped up in mist and stammering nonsense." 

 (From Sacrifice, by Adhyasha Anubhavananda Kesava Raya Sarma Mandapaka, Gospel Literature Service, Bombay; material is mostly from the Rig Veda

"Sacrifices are the foremost of our first duties." 

"Sacrifice is the mainstay of the world." 

"Sacrifice is the bark (boat) that enables one to live well." 

"Only by means of sacrifice, the gods obtain heaven." 

"He whose shadow and death become nectar shall, by his shadow and death, confer the spirit and strength." 

"God himself is the sacrifice." (Satapadha Brahmanam) 

"God became half moral and half immortal." 

"God would offer Himself as a sacrifice and obtain atonement for sins." (Tandya Maha 
Brahmanam of Sama Veda) 

Summary, Mr. Adhyaksha: 

"What is evident from all these teachings is that the true and great redeeming sacrifice would be the one performed by the sovereign Lord of this world, who putting on both mortality and immortality and becoming incarnate as God-man, would Himself be the sacrificial animal and offer Himself as a sacrifice to redeem mankind from their sins." 

Adhyaksha then adds the following list of requirements in regard to the sacrifice, as expounded in the Rig Veda, and fulfilled in the crucifixion of Jesus: 

1. "It must be a goat without blemish -- He was the sinless God-man." 

2. "The 'balusu' bush must be placed round its head -- A crown of thorns was placed on His head.". 

3. "It must be bound to a sacrificial post -- He was crucified on the cross." 

4. "Nails must be driven into its four legs till they bleed -- He was nailed hands and feet to the cross." 

5. "The cloth covering the goat should be divided among four priests -- Those who nailed him to the Cross divided His garments among themselves." 

6. "None of its bones must be broken -- Not one of His bones were broken." 

7. "The goat should be given a drink of Soma juice -- He was given vinegar to drink." 

8. "After it has been slain, it must be restored to life again -- He rose again, as death's conquerer." 

9. "Its flesh should be eaten -- Before His death He told His disciples that they should eat His flesh and drink his blood which were sacrified for the redemption of the world. . . " 

Source: Dao De Jing (Lao Zi) (Dao De Jing translated from Chinese by David Marshall; Bible references from Revised Berkeley Version, Gideons International) 

7 "Heaven and earth are enduring. The reason heaven and earth endure, is that they are not self-creating; therefore they continue in existence." 

"In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth." (Gen.1:1) 

"This is why a sage (sheng ren; the ideal person) abandons himself (lit, "puts his self to the back") and thus finds himself; loses his life ('puts his self outside') and thus perserves his life." 

"Is it not through his lack of selfish desire that he fulfills his ambitions?" 

"'If anyone wants to come after Me, he must deny himself, take up his cross day by day and follow Me; for whoever wants to save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life on My account will save it." (Luke 9: 23-24) 

"Whoever among you wants to be great must be your servant, and whoever would be first will be your slave just as the Son of Man did not come to be served but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many." (Mat. 20: 26-28) 

8 "The highest good is like water. Water brings benefit to all but does not contend." 

43 "The teaching of no words, the benefit of no action, are ideals few attain." 

"He was maltreated, and He submitted Himself; He opened not His mouth; as a lamb that is led to the slaughter and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so He opened not His mouth. . . . By knowledge of Him shall My Righteous Servant make many righteous. . ." (Isaiah 53: 7, 11) 

16 "Justice leads to completion, completion leads to Heaven, Heaven leads to the Way (Tao). The Way leads to a lengthening of life. Even with the death of the body you will suffer no harm." 

"It is complete." (John 19: 30; from Chinese Bible) 

18 "When the Great Way is abandoned, love and righteousness comes. When wisdom arises, hypocricy comes. When the six relations are out of sync, loyalty and righteousness appear. When the nation is in chaos, loyal officials appear." 

"Jesus said further, 'For judgement I have come into this world, so that the sightless may see, and those who see may become blind.' Certain of the Pharisees near him asked Him, when they heard that, 'We too are not blind, are we?' Jesus said to them, 'If you were blind you would be blameless; but since you claim to have sight, your sin remains.'" 

22 "It is because he does not contend, than none in the world can contend with Him." 

25 "Before the coming into existence of Heaven and Earth, there was that which was integrated and whole. 

Silent and empty! Self-existing, forever changeless. It moves all, yet is never tired. 

You could call it the Mother of Heaven and Earth and all things. 

I don't know what it is called, so I write the word 'Tao,' and style it 'Great.' 

Being great, you see it as receding; receding it is distant; being distant, it returns. 

Therefore the Tao is great. Heaven is great, earth is great, and humanity is also great. In the cosmos there are four great things, and humanity is one of those. 

Man models himself on the earth; earth models itself on Heaven; Heaven models itself on the Tao; whereas the Tao models itself on that which it is."* 

(*Note: In this last phrase I am following the gramatical explanation for "tao fa zi ran" given by Yuan Zhimin, (Lao Zi vs. Sheng Jing) though not the whole of his translation.) 

"God said to Moses, 'I am who I am. Thus you will speak to the Israelites, I AM has sent me to you.'" (Exodus 3:14) 

78 "In the natural world there is nothing more submissive and weak than water, yet for assaulting that which is stubborn and strong nothing can beat it. . . . 

The weak overcomes the strong; the submissive is victorious over the hard. This is a fact everyone on earth knows, but no one is able to put into practice. 

Therefore the holy person (sheng ren) says, one who suffers shame for a nation, should be called the lord of the sacrifices. One who takes on the calamity of the state, should be called the king of all. 

Straightforward words sound paradoxical." 

33 "To die and yet not perish, that is the true meaning of long life (shou)." 

("I am the resurrection and the life; he who believes in Me will live even when he dies, and no one who lives and believes in Me will ever die." John 11:25) 

70 "So a sage is clothed in course cloth, but within is precious jade." 

"You will find the baby wrapped in swaddling clothes and lying in a manger." (Luke 2:12) 

71 "To know you don't know is best. To think you know when you really do not, is a fault. (bing; also "sickness") To see defects (bing) as defects, means to be whole. It is because the sage sees defects as defects, that he is whole." 

"The healthy have no need of a physician, but the sick. But go and learn what this means, 'I want mercy and not sacrifice.' For I did not come to call the righteous but sinners to repentance.

78 "The weak overcomes the strong, and the submissive the hard. Everyone on earth knows this truth, but no one is able to put it into practice. This is why the sage says, he who takes on himself the sins of the nation is worthy of acting as lord of the sacrifice. One who takes on himself the misfortunes of the people, could be proclaimed king of the earth." 

"Surely he has borne our sicknesses and carried our sorrows; yet we regarded Him as a stricken one, smitten of God, and afflicted. But He was pierced for our transgressions; He was bruised for our iniquities; the punishment which procured our peace fell upon Him, and with His stripers we are healed. All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned each one to his own way; and the Lord has laid on Him the iniquity of us all. . . Therefore I wil give to Him His portion amonb the great. . . " (Isaiah 53: 4-6, 12) 

79 "The heavenly Tao does not play favorites; it is always on the side of those who do right." 

Source: Analects of Confucius (My translation; Bible citations New Berkeley Version) 

III-13 "For one who sins against Heaven, there is no one else to whom he can pray." 

(Note: the word "Tian," translated "Heaven," often referred in ancient China to the Supreme God, not worshipped with idols down to the present day, was wholly good, yet also the judge of mankind, and who ruled over the lives of humankind. This appears to be the Tian that Confucius is speaking of here, though in other contexts the word may mean instead something like "Providence" or "the heavens.") 

III-17 "Zi Gong wanted to get rid of the live sheep used for the Sacrifice of the New Moon. The Master said, "Ci! You care about the sheep. I care about the ritual." 

"So Moses summoned all the elders of Israel and told them, 'Select and set apart lambs for your several households and kill the Passover. . . . The Lord will be passing through. . . He will see the blood on the lintel and on the two doorposts, and the Lord will pass over the door. . . " (Exodus 12: 21, 23) 

"The next day he saw Jesus approaching him and said, 'There is the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!'" (John 1:29) 

IV--6 "Is there anyone who is able to expend all his strength in doing good? . . . There may be such a person, but I have never met him." 

"John's disciples reported all this to him. And John, summoning two of them, sent to ask the Lord, 'Are You the Coming One, or should we look for someone else?'. . . And He answered them, 'Go and tell John what you see and hear. The blind see; the lame walk; lepers are cleansed; the deaf hear; the dead are raised; the poor are evangelized, and blessed is he who does not turn away from Me." (Luke 7: 19, 22-23) 

IV--8 "The Master said, "To hear the Tao in the morning, and to die in the evening, is enough." 

"Now let your bondslave depart in peace, Lord. . . for my eyes have seen Your salvation, which You have prepared before all the nations, a light for revelation to the Gentiles and a glory to Your people Israel." (Luke 29-32) 

"One of the criminals, that were hanged reviled Him, 'Are you not the Christ! Save Yourself and us!' But the other reproved him and told him, 'Do you not fear God. . . we. . . are suffering justly. . . but He has done nothing amiss.' Then he said, 'Jesus, remember me when You come into your kingdom.' Jesus said to him, 'I assure you, today you will be with me in paradise.'" (Luke 23:39-43) 

VI--8 "When Po Niu was sick, the Master went to look in on him. He held his hand through the window and said, 'Oh! We are losing him. It must be the will of Heaven. For such a person to have a sickness like this! For such a person to have a sickness like this!" 

"He asked, 'Where have you laid him?' They told Him, 'Lord, come and see.' Jesus wept. The Jews then remarked, 'Notice how he loved him,' But some of them said, 'Could not He who opened the blind man's eyes have prevented this man's death?' Again deeply moved, Jesus approached the tomb. It was a cave with a stone laid against it. Jesus said, 'Remove the stone.' . . . He called out in a loud voice, 'Lazarus, come out!' Out came the one who had died. . . 

VI--15 "The Master asked: 'Who can go out except by the door? Why then does no one take this path (tao) then?" 

"Truly I assure you, he who does not enter the sheepfold through the door but climbs up from elsewhere is a thief and a robber. . . Truly I assure you, I am the door for the sheep." (John 10: 1, 7) 

VI--18 "The Master said, 'He who knows the truth is not equal to him who sees the goodness of the truth. He who sees the goodness of the truth is not equal to him who delights in the truth." 

"You will know the truth, and the truth will set you free." (John 8:32) 

VI--28 "Zi Kong asked, 'Suppose there were one who confered kindness on the people and brought saving help to the masses. What would you say of him? Would you call such a person kindhearted?' The Master replied, 'Why stop at kindhearted? He would be a savior (sheng ren). Yao and Shun would have a hard time accomplishing so much." 

"The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me; for the Lord has anointed me to preach good tidings to the humble; He has sent Me to heal the brokenhearted; to proclaim liberty to the captives and the opening of the prison to those who are bound; to proclaim the year of the Lord's favour. . . 
(Isaiah 61:1-3; quoted by Jesus about himself in Luke 4. See also the chapter entitled, "How Jesus Has Changed the World," in my book Jesus and the Religions of Man.)

VII--25 "The Master said, 'A Savior is not mine to see. If I could only meet a noble person, that would be enough. A good person is not mine to see. To meet someone of a truly constant good character, would satisfy me." 

"Turning to them privately, He said, 'Blessed are the eyes that see what you see. For I tell you that many prophets and kings have longed to see what you see but they did not see it, and to hear what you hear but they did not hear it." (Luke 10: 23-24) 

VIII--13 "The Master said, "A person of determined integrity and love of moral discipline and cultivation (wen) will hold to his good path unto death." 

IX--4 "The Master was trapped in Kuang. He said, 'Being that King Wen is gone, is not moral culture (wen) invested now in me? If God above wanted to put an end to our cultural heritage, He would not have entrusted it to a mortal like myself. Since God would not allow these truths to perish, what can the people of Kuang do to me?" 

X--12 "The stables burned. The Master, leaving his audience, asked, 'Did anyone get hurt?' He didn't ask about the horses." 

"Now a large herd of swine was feeding there on the hillside, and the demons besought Him. 'Send us into the swine. . . " He permitted them. . . Then the herd of about 2,000 rushed headlong down the precipice into the lake and drowned. . . the people came to see. . . and saw the demoniac. . . sitting down, dressed and sane. . . Then they began to implore HIm to leave their shores." Mark 5:11-17) 

Pagans Preach Jesus: Surprising Referrals from the Rig Veda, Dao De Jing, and Analects
By David Marshall